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Conflict Archaeology Bibliography

November 25, 2015

Here is a bibliography of academic works related to conflict archaeology, cultural heritage protection during armed conflict, and the use of archaeological and historical arguments in armed conflict. This bibliography will be regularly updated and suggested additions are encouraged.

Entries have links to full-text open access copies if they are available.

Archaeologies 4, No. 3 (December 2008). [Special Issue: Imperial Inspections: Archaeology, War and Violence].

Culture in Crisis: Preserving Cultural Heritage in Conflict Zones. Baltimore/Washington, DC: Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies/The Antiquities Coalition, 2017.

Culture Under Threat: Recommendations for the U.S. Government. The Antiquities Coalition, 2016.

International Journal of Islamic Architecture 6, No. 2 (July 2017) [Special Issue on Islam and World Heritage].

Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 1, No. 4 (2013) [Special Issue on Cultural Heritage in Conflict].

Lost Heritage: Antiquities Stolen from Iraq’s Regional Museums. Chicago: American Association for Research in Baghdad; London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 1992.

Near Eastern Archaeology 78, No. 3 (September 2015). [Special Issue: The Cultural Heritage Crisis in the Middle East].

Abdi, Kamyar. “From Pan-Arabism to Saddam Hussein’s Cult of Personality: Ancient Mesopotamia and Iraqi National Ideology.” Journal of Social Archaeology 8, No. 1 (February 2008): 3-36.

Abu El-Haj, Nadia. Facts on the Ground: Archaeological Practice and Territorial Self-Fashioning in Israeli Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

Al Quntar, Salam. “Syrian Cultural Property in the Crossfire: Reality and Effectiveness of Protection Efforts.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 1, No. 4 (2013): 348-351.

Al Quntar, Salam, and Brian I. Daniels. “Responses to the Destruction of Syrian Cultural Heritage: A Critical Review of Current Efforts.” International Journal of Islamic Architecture 5, No. 2 (2016): 381-397.

Amineddoleh, Leila A. “Cultural Heritage Vandalism and Looting: The Role of Terrorist Organizations, Public Institutions and Private Collectors.” Santander Art and Culture Law Review 2/2015 (1): 27-62.

Bajorga, Sabri, ed. Destruction of Islamic Heritage in the Kosovo War, 1998-1999. Pristina, Kosovo: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2014.

Baram, Amatzia. Culture, History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba’thist Iraq, 1968-1989. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991.

–. “Mesopotamian Identity in Ba’thi Iraq.” Middle Eastern Studies 19, No. 4 (October 1983): 426-455.

Bernbeck, Reinhard and Randall H. McGuire, eds. Ideologies in Archaeology. Tuscon, Arizona: University of Arizona Press, 2011.

Bernhardsson, Magnus T. Reclaiming a Plundered Past: Archaeology and Nation Building in Modern Iraq. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005.

Bogdanos, Matthew. Thieves of Baghdad. New York: Bloomsbury, 2005.

Bokova, Irina. “Fighting Cultural Cleansing: Harnessing the Law to Preserve Cultural Heritage.” Harvard International Review 36, No. 4 (Summer 2015): 40-45.

–. “Culture on the Front Line of New Wars.” Brown Journal of World Affairs 22, No. 1 (2015): 289-296.

Borgstede, Greg. “Cultural Property, the Palermo Convention, and Transnational Organized Crime.” International Journal of Cultural Property 21, No. 3 (August 2014): 281-290.

Boytner, Ran, Lynn Swartz Dodd, and Bradley J. Parker, eds. Controlling the Past, Owning the Future: The Political Uses of Archaeology in the Middle East. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 2010.

Brodie, Neil. “The Market in Iraqi Antiquities 1980–2009 and Academic Involvement in the Marketing Process.” 117-133 in Manacorda, S., and D. Chappell, eds., Crime in the Art and Antiquities World (Springer, 2011).

–. “Syria and Its Regional Neighbors: A Case of Cultural Property Protection Policy Failure?” International Journal of Cultural Property 22, No. 2-3 (2015): 317-335.

Brosché, Johan, Mattias Legnér, Joakim Kreutz and Akram Ijla. “Heritage Under Attack: Motives for Targeting Cultural Property During Armed Conflict.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 23, No. 3 (2017): 248-260.

Casana, Jesse and Mitra Panahipour. “Satellite-Based Monitoring of Looting and Damage to Archaeological Sites in Syria.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 2, No. 2 (2014): 128-151.

Chamberlain, K. War and Cultural Heritage: an analysis of the 1954 Convention for the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict and its two protocols. Leicester: Institute of Art and Law, 2004.

Cunliffe, Emma. “Archaeological Site Damage in the Cycle of War and Peace: A Syrian Case Study.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 3, No. 2 (2014): 229-247.

–. “Remote Assessments of Site Damage: A New Ontology.” International Journal of Heritage in the Digital Era 3, No. 3 (2014): 453-473.

–. Damage to the Soul: Syria’s Cultural Heritage in Conflict. Global Heritage Fund, 2012.

Cunliffe, Emma, Maria Lostal and Nibal Muhesin. “The Destruction of Cultural Property in the Syrian Conflict: Legal Implications and Obligations.” International Journal of Cultural Property 23, No. 1 (February 2016): 1-31.

Cunliffe, Emma, Wendy Pedersen, Manuel Fiol, Traci Jellison, Caryn Saslow, Einar Bjørgo and Giovanni Boccardi. Satellite-Based Damage Assessment to Cultural Heritage Sites in Syria. United Nations Institute for Training and Research, 2014.

Cuno, James. “The Responsibility to Protect the World’s Cultural Heritage.” The Brown Journal of World Affairs 23, No. 1 (Fall 2016): 97-109.

Curtis, Jon C. “Relations Between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq.” Papers from the Institute of Archaeology 19 (2009): 2-8.

Danti, Michael. “Near Eastern Archaeology and the Arab Spring: Avoiding the Ostrich Effect.” Antiquity 88, No. 340 (June 2014): 639-643.

Davis, Eric. Memories of State: Politics, History and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

Deblauwe, Francis, ed. “The Iraq War & Archaeology: A Documentation and Information Project.” 2003-2008 (http://iwa.univie.ac.at/).

De Cesari, Chiara. “Postcolonial Ruins: Archaeologies of Political Violence and IS.” Anthropology Today 31, No. 6 (December 2015): 22-26.

Dodd, Lynn S. “Heritage Formulation in Overly Politicized Environments: A Commentary.” Archaeologies 3, No. 1 (April 2007): 4-15.

Drazewska, B. “The Human Dimension of the Protection of the Cultural Heritage from Destruction During Armed Conflicts.” International Journal of Cultural Property 22, No. 2-3 (2015): 205-228.

Emberling, Geoff and Katharyn Hanson, eds. Catastrophe!: The Looting and Destruction of Iraq’s Past. Chicago: Oriental Institute Museum, 2008.

Flood, Finbarr Barry. “Idol-Breaking as Image-Making in the ‘Islamic State’.Religion and Society: Advances in Research 7 (2016): 116-138.

Forsyth, Marion. “Casualties of War: The Destruction of Iraq’s Cultural Heritage as a Result of U.S. Action During and After the 1991 Gulf War.” DePaul University Journal of Art and Entertainment Law 14, No. 1 (2004): 73-108.

Frahm, Eckhart. “Mutilated Mnemotopes: Why ISIS Destroys Cultural Heritage Sites in Iraq and Syria.” European Union National Institutes for Culture (http://www.eunic-online.eu/?q=content/mutilated-mnemotopes-0, accessed April 29, 2017).

Frigerio, Alberto. “Heritage Under Attack: A Critical Analysis of the Reasons Behind the Destruction of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.” Aedon 2 (2014):

Frulli, M. “The Criminalization of Offences against Cultural Heritage in Times of Armed Conflict: The Quest for Consistency.” European Journal of International Law 22, No. 1 (2011): 203-217.

Gerstenblith, Patty. “From Bamiyan to Baghdad: Warfare and the Preservation of Cultural Heritage at the Beginning of the 21st Century.” Georgetown Journal of International Law 37 (2006): 245-351.

–. “The Media and Archaeological Preservation in Iraq: A Tale of Politics, Media, and the Law.” 15-35 in Archaeology, Bible, Politics, and the Media. Edited by Eric M. Myers and Carol Myers. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 2012.

–. “The Legal Framework for the Prosecution of Crimes Involving Archaeological Objects.” Cultural Property Law 64, No. 2 (March 2016): 5-16.

–. “The Destruction of Cultural Heritage: A Crime Against Property or a Crime Against People?” The John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law 15 (2016): 336-393.

Gillot, Laurence. “Towards a Socio-Political History of Archaeology in the Middle East: The Development of Archaeological Practice and Its Impacts on Local Communities in Syria.” Bulletin of the History of Archaeology 20, No. 1 (May 2010): 4-16.

González-Ruibal, Alfredo, ed. Ethics and the Archaeology of Violence. New York: Springer, 2015.

Goode, James F. Negotiating for the Past: Archaeology, Nationalism, and Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1919-1941. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007.

–. “Archaeology and Politics in Iraq: From the British Mandate to Saddam Hussein.” 107-123 in Assyrian Reliefs from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II: A Cultural Biography. Edited by A. Cohen and S.E. Kangas. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 2010.

Grantham, David. “Antiquities and Conflict: Changing Military Strategy.” The Norwich Review of International and Transnational Crime 1, No. 2 (October 2016): 28-43.

Guidetti, M. and Perini, S. “Civil War and Cultural Heritage in Syria, 2011-2015.” Syrian Studies Association Bulletin 20, No. 1 (2015).

Hardy, Samuel Andrew. Interrogating Archaeological Ethics in Conflict Zones: Cultural Heritage Work in Cyprus. D.Phil diss. University of Sussex, 2010.

–. “Destruction, Theft and Rescue of Archaeological Artefacts in Cyprus, 1963-1974: From the Intercommunal Conflict until the Foreign Invasions.” In Nys, K and Jacobs, A, (Eds.). Cypriot material culture studies: From picrolite carving to proskynetaria. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Postgraduate Cypriot Archaeology Conference held in memory of Paul Åström, at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium) from 27th to 29th November 2008. Göteborg: Paul Åströms Förlag, 2012.

–. “Using Open-Source Data to Identify Participation in the Illicit Antiquities Trade: A Case Study on the Cypriot Civil War.” European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 20, No. 4 (December 2014): 459-474.

–. “The conflict antiquities trade: A historical overview.” Countering the illicit traffic in cultural goods: The global challenge of protecting the world’s heritage (2015): 21-31.

Hamilakis, Yannis. “The ‘War on Terror’ and the Military–Archaeology Complex: Iraq, Ethics, and Neo-Colonialism.” Archaeologies Arch 5, No. 1 (2009): 39-65

Hassan, Fekri, Aloisia de Trafford and Mohsen Youssef, eds. Cultural Heritage and Development in the Arab World. Alexandria, Egypt: Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 2008.

Holtorf, Cornelius. “Can less be more? Heritage in the age of terrorism.” Public Archaeology 5, No. 2 (2006): 101-109.

Howard, Russell D., Prohov, Jonathan R. and Elliott, Marc D. “Digging in and Trafficking Out: How the Destruction of Cultural Heritage Funds Terrorism.” CTC Sentinel, Combating Terrorism Center (February 2015): 14-18.

–. IS and Cultural Genocide: Antiquities Trafficking and the Terrorist State [JSOU Report 16-11]. MacDill Air Force Base, Florida: Joint Special Operations University, 2016.

Isakhan, Benjamin. “Targeting the Symbolic Dimension of Baathist Iraq: Cultural Destruction, Historical Memory and National Identity.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 4, No. 3 (2011): 275–81.

–. “Heritage Destruction and Spikes in Violence: the Case of Iraq.” 219-248 in Kila, J. D. and Zeidler, J. A. (eds.). Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property During Conflict. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2014.

Isakhan, Benjamin and José Antonio González Zarandona. “Layers of Religious and Political Iconoclasm Under the Islamic State: Symbolic Sectarianism and Pre-Monotheistic Iconoclasm.” International Journal of Heritage Studies (May 2017): 1-16.

Kila, Joris D. and James A. Zeidler, eds. Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property during Conflict. Leiden: Brill, 2013.

Kila, Joris, ed. Heritage under Siege : Military Implementation of Cultural Property Protection Following the 1954 Hague Convention. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2012.

Knuth, Rebecca. Burning Books and Leveling Libraries: Extremist Violence and Cultural Destruction. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 2006.

Kohl, Philip L., Mara Kozelsky and Nachman Ben-Yehuda, eds. Selective Remembrances: Archaeology in the Construction, Commemoration and Consecration of National Pasts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Kohl, Philip L. and Clare Fawcett, eds. Nationalism, Politics and the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Lababidi, Rim and Hiba Qassar. “Did They Really Forget How to Do It? Iraq, Syria and the International Response to Protect a Shared Heritage.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 4, No. 4 (2016): 341-362.

Logan, William, Máiréad Nic Craith and Ullrich Kockel, eds. A Companion to Heritage Studies. Malden, Massachusetts: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015.

Lostal, Marina. “Syria’s world cultural heritage and individual criminal responsibility.” International Review of Law 3 (2015).

Lostal, Marina and Emma Cunliffe. “Cultural Heritage that Heals: Factoring in Cultural Heritage Discourses in the Syrian Peacebuilding Process.” The Historic Environment: Policy & Practice 7, No. 2-3 (2016): 248-259.

Luke, Christina Marie and Morag M. Kersel. U.S. Cultural Diplomacy and Archaeology: Soft Power, Hard Heritage. New York: Routledge, 2013.

Luttwak, Edward and Zainab Bahrani. Cultural Heritage in War: Moral and Military Choices. New York: Columbia University Department of Art History and Archaeology, 2004.

Meskell, Lynn, ed., Archaeology Under Fire: Nationalism, Politics and Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. London: Routledge, 2008.

–. “Human rights and heritage ethics.” Anthropological Quarterly 83, no. 4 (2010): 839-859.

Moos, Olivier. “Iconoclasme en Jihadie: une réflexion sur les violences et destructions culturelles de l’état islamique.” Religioscope Études et Analyses No. 35 (December 2015): 1-20.

Moreland, A. “In the Absence of Sovereignty, How Will Isis Be Held Accountable for Their Crimes?” (2015) [Online]: University of Miami School of Law.

Morris, I. “The Struggle for Soft Power in the Middle East.” Stratfor Global Intelligence (9 September 2015).

Muhesen, C. E., & N. Lostal. “The Destruction of Cultural Property in the Syrian Conflict: Legal Implications and Obligations.” International Journal of Cultural Property 23, No. 1 (2015): 1-31.

NATO JALLC, Viera, F., Spangenberg, T., Ross, D. and Jones, D. Cultural Property Protection in the Operations Planning Process. Portugal: NATO, 2012.

O’Keefe, R. The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Perini, Silvia and Emma Cunliffe, eds. Towards a Protection of the Syrian Cultural Heritage: A Summary of The National and International Responses. 3 vols. Girona, Spain: Heritage for Peace, 2014-2015.

Petrovic, Jadranka. The Old Bridge of Mostar and Increasing Respect for Cultural Property in Armed Conflict. Leiden, Netherlands: M. Nijhoff Publishers, 2013.

Pollock, Susan. “Archaeology and Contemporary Warfare.” Annual Review of Anthropology 45 (2016): 215-231.

Ralby, Ian M. “Prosecuting Cultural Property Crimes in Iraq.” Georgetown Journal of International Law 37, No. 1 (2005): 165-192.

Rose-Greenland, Fiona. “ISIS at the Mosul Museum: Material Destruction and Our Moral Economies of the Past.” Perspectives 37, No. 1 (Spring 2015): 18-21.

Rothfield, Lawrence, ed. Antiquities Under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection After the Iraq War. Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2008.

–. The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Rush, Laurie. W., ed. Archaeology, Cultural Property, and the Military. Rochester, New York: Boydell Press, 2010.

–. “Working with the military to protect archaeological sites and other forms of cultural property.” World Archaeology 44, no. 3 (2012): 359-377.

Sahner, Christian. Among the Ruins: Syria Past and Present. Oxford University Press, 2014.

Sandholtz, Wayne. “The Iraqi National Museum and International Law: A Duty to Protect.” Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 44 (2005): 185-240.

Silberman, Neil Asher. Between Past and Present: Archaeology, Ideology and Nationalism in the Modern Middle East. New York: Holt, 1989.

Sørensen, Marie Louise and Dacia Viejo-Rose, eds. War and Cultural Heritage: Biographies of Place. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Stanley-Price, Nicholas, ed. Cultural Heritage in Postwar Recovery: Papers from the ICCROM Forum held on October 4-6, 2005. Rome: International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, 2007.

Stone, Peter G., ed. Cultural Heritage, Ethics and the Military. Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2011.

–. “A Four-Tier Approach to the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.” Antiquity 87 (2013): 166-177.

Stone, Peter G. and Joanne Farchakh Bajjaly, eds. The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Iraq. Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2008.

Thurlow, M. “Protecting Cultural property in Iraq: How American Military Policy Comports with International Law.” Yale Human Rights and Development Journal 8, No. 1 (2014).

Toman, J. The protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict: commentary on the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its protocol, signed on 14 May, 1954 in the Hague, and on other instruments of international law concerning such protection. Brookfield, Vermont: Dartmouth Publishing Company, 1996.

Van Der Auwera, Sigrid. “Peace Operations and the Protection of Cultural Property During and After Armed Conflict.” International Peacekeeping 17, no. 1 (2010): 3-16.

Viejo-Rose, Dacia. Reconstructing Spain: Cultural Heritage and Memory after Civil War. Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2011.

–. “Reconstructing Heritage in the Aftermath of Civil War: Re-Visioning the Nation and the Implications of International Involvement.” Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding: Special Issue on Cultural Interventions 7, No. 2 (2013): 125-148.

Walasek, Helen, ed. Bosnia and the Destruction of Cultural Heritage. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015.

Werr, Lamia al-Gaylani. “Archaeology and Politics in Iraq.” 15-30 in Critical Approaches to Ancient Near Eastern Art. ed. by Brian A. Brown and Marian Feldman. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014.

Williams, Tim. “Syria: A Loss of Faith.” Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 15, No. 3-4 (2013): 231-235.

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12 Comments leave one →
  1. November 25, 2015 4:36 PM

    Suggested additions to the bibliography:

    Bosnia and the Destruction of Cultural Heritage
    By Helen Walasek
    Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015.
    430 pages, 126 b&w illustrations, map
    ISBN: 9781409437048 9781409437048

    http://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=637&calcTitle=1&isbn=9781409437048&lang=cy-GB

    Review:
    http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/lsereviewofbooks/2015/10/27/book-review-bosnia-and-the-destructioof-cultural-heritage-by-helen-walasek-et-al/
    ———————————————————————————

    Destruction of Islamic Heritage in the Kosovo War, 1998-1999.
    Sabri Bajgora; ed. by Robert Elsie and Petrit Selimi ; introd. by András Riedlmayer.
    Prishtinë : Interfaith Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, [2014].
    315 pages : illustrations. (some color), maps ; 29 cm.
    ISBN 9789951595025 9951595022

    http://www.worldcat.org/title/destruction-of-islamic-heritage-in-the-kosovo-war-1998-1999/oclc/882195458&referer=brief_results

    ———————————————————————————

    The Old Bridge of Mostar and Increasing Respect for Cultural Property in Armed Conflict
    By Jadranka Petrovic
    Leiden & Boston: M. Nijhoff Publishers, 2013.
    xviii, 354 pages ; 25 cm.
    International Humanitarian Law series, v. 40.

    http://www.brill.com/old-bridge-mostar-and-increasing-respect-cultural-property-armed-conflict

  2. Andrew Lawler permalink
    November 25, 2015 5:07 PM

    Hi there. FYI:

    http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/11/151125-isis-syria-satellite-images-looting-archaeology/

    On Wed, Nov 25, 2015 at 11:19 AM, Gates of Nineveh: An Experiment

  3. November 26, 2015 1:04 AM

    Reblogged this on Talmidimblogging.

  4. November 26, 2015 2:09 AM

    Thx for posting.

    I would suggest u to open a Draft on Academia http://support.academia.edu/customer/portal/articles/2080806-opening-your-draft-to-feedback

  5. Emma Cunliffe permalink
    November 26, 2015 9:11 AM

    This is the reading list I give out for my culture in conflict lecture
    Bjørgo, E., G. Boccardi, E. Cunliffe, M. Fiol, T. Jellison, W. Pederson, and C Saslow. 2014. Satellite-based Damage Assessment to Cultural Heritage Sites in Syria. [Online]: UNITAR, UNOSAT. http://www.unitar.org/unosat/chs-syria
    Brodie, N. 2015. Syria and Its Regional Neighbors: A Case of Cultural Property Protection Policy Failure? International Journal of Cultural Property 22 (2-3), 317-335.
    Brodie, N., and Tubb, K. W. 2002. Illicit Antiquities: The Theft of Culture and the Extinction of Archaeology. Routledge: London.
    Brodie, N., Doole, J., and Renfrew, C. 2001. (eds). Trade in Illicit Antiquities: The Destruction of the World’s Archaeological Heritage. Cambridge: McDonald Institute Monographs.
    Brodie, N., and Renfrew, C. 2005. Looting and the World’s Archaeological Heritage: The Inadequate Response. Annual Review of Anthropology 34, 343-361.
    Casana, J., and M. Panahipour. 2014. “Satellite-Based Monitoring of Looting and Damage to Archaeological Sites in Syria.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 2 (2):128-151.
    Chamberlain, K. 2004. War and Cultural Heritage: an analysis of the 1954 Convention for the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict and its two protocols. Leicester: Institute of Art and Law.
    Cunliffe, E. 2012. Damage to the Soul: Syria’s Cultural Heritage in Conflict. Palo Alto: Global Heritage Fund. Available: http://ghn.globalheritagefund.com/uploads/documents/document_2107.pdf
    —. 2014. “Archaeological Site Damage in the Cycle of War and Peace: A Syrian Case Study.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 3 (2):229-247
    Cunliffe, E., Lostal, M., and Muhesin, N. 2016. The Destruction of Cultural Property in the Syrian Conflict: Legal Implications and Obligations. International Journal of Cultural Property.
    Curtis, J. 2009. Relations between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology.
    Emberling, G., Hanson, K. and Gibson, M. (eds.) 2008. Catastrophe!: The Looting and Destruction of Iraq’s Past, Chicago, IL: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.
    Isakhan, B. 2013. Heritage Destruction and Spikes in Violence: the Case of Iraq. In: Kila, J. D. and Zeidler, J. A. (eds.). Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property During Conflict, Leiden: Brill, 219-248
    Hardy, S. A. 2015. Is Looting-to-Order “Just a Myth”? Open-Source Analysis of Theft-to-Order of Cultural Property. Cogent Social Sciences 1 (1). Open-access. Available at: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311886.2015.1087110
    Kila, J. (ed.) 2012. Heritage under Siege : Military Implementation of Cultural Property Protection Following the 1954 Hague Convention, Leiden; Boston: Brill.
    Kila, J. D. and Zeidler, J. A. (eds.) 2013. Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property During Conflict, Leiden: Brill.
    Layton, R., Stone, P. G., and Thomas, J. (eds). 2001. The destruction and conservation of cultural property. London, New York: Routledge.
    Lostal, M. 2015. “Syria’s world cultural heritage and individual criminal responsibility.” International Review of Law 3:TBC.
    NATO JALLC, Viera, F., Spangenberg, T., Ross, D. and Jones, D. 2012. Cultural Property Protection in the Operations Planning Process. Portugal: NATO Available: http://www.jallc.nato.int/newsmedia/docs/factsheet_cpp.pdf [Accessed 20 Deccember 2012].
    O’Keefe, P. J. 1997. Trade in Antiquities: reducing destruction and theft. London, Paris: UNESCO.
    O’Keefe, P. J. 2007. Commentary on the UNESCO 1970 Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property. Powys: Institute of Art and Law.
    O’Keefe, R. 2010. The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Perini, Silvia, and Emma Cunliffe. 2014a. Towards a protection of the Syrian cultural heritage: A summary of the international responses (April 2014 – September 2014). Volume II. Girona: Heritage For Peace.
    —. 2014b. Towards a protection of the Syrian cultural heritage: A summary of the international responses (March 2011 – March 2014). Volume I. Girona: Heritage For Peace.
    —. 2015. Towards a protection of the Syrian cultural heritage: A summary of the national and international responses (September 2014 – September 2015). Volume III. Girona: Heritage For Peace.
    Prott, L V. 1997. Commentary on the UNIDROIT Convention on Stolen and Illegally Exported Cultural Objects. Leicester: Institute of Art and Law.
    Rampley, M. (ed.) 2012. Heritage, Ideology, and Identity in Central and Eastern Europe : Contested Pasts, Contested Presents, Woodbridge, Suffolk; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press.
    Rose-Viejo, D. 2013. Reconstructing Heritage in the Aftermath of Civil War: Re-Visioning the Nation and the Implications of International Involvement. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 7:2, 125-148
    Rothfield, L. (ed.) 2008. Antiquities under Siege : Cultural Heritage Protection after the Iraq War, Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press.
    Rush, L. W. (ed.) 2010. Archaeology, Cultural Property, and the Military, Woodbridge; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press.
    Stefano, M. L., Davis, P. and Corsane, G. (eds.) 2012. Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage, Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press.
    Stone, E. 2008. Patterns of looting in Southern Iraq. Antiquity 82, 125-138
    Stone, P. and Farchakh-Bajjaly, J. (eds.) 2008. The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Iraq, Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press.
    Stone, P. G. (ed.) 2011. Cultural Heritage, Ethics, and the Military, Woodbridge, Suffolk; Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell Press.
    Stone, P. G. 2013. A Four-Tier Approach to the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. Antiquity 87 (335), 166-177.
    Teijgeler, R. 2011. Archaeologist under Pressure : Neutral or Cooperative in Wartime. In: Stone, P. G. (ed.) Cultural Heritage, Ethics and the Military. Woodbridge: Boydell, 86-112.
    Toman, J. 1996. The protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict: commentary on the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its protocol, signed on 14 May, 1954 in the Hague, and on other instruments of international law concerning such protection. Brookfield, VT: Dartmouth Publishing Company.
    Viejo-Rose, D. 2011. Reconstructing Spain: Cultural Heritage and Memory after Civil War. Brighton; Portland: Sussex Academic Press.
    Viejo-Rose, Dacia. 2013. “Reconstructing Heritage in the Aftermath of Civil War: Re-Visioning the Nation and the Implications of International Involvement.” Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding: Special Issue on Cultural Interventions 7 (2):125-148.
    Walasek, H. 2015. Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Bosnia-Herzegovina: An Overview’, in Bosnia and the Destruction of Cultural Heritage, ed. by Helen Walasek. Surrey: Ashgate

  6. Emma Cunliffe permalink
    November 26, 2015 9:12 AM

    Also, the most recent Heritage for Peace International Actions report contains a section of recent academic publications:
    Bauer, A. 2015. Editorial: The Destruction of Heritage in Syria and Iraq and Its Implications. International Journal of Cultural Property 22 (1), 1-6.
    Brodie, N. 2015. Syria and Its Regional Neighbors: A Case of Cultural Property Protection Policy Failure? International Journal of Cultural Property 22 (2-3), 317-335.
    Burns, R. 2014. Protecting the Cultural Heritage. Critical Muslim July-Sept 2014, 103-112.
    Danti, M. and MacGinnis, J. 2015. Prophet and Profit. World Current Archaeology 71.
    Casana, J. and Panahipour, M. 2014. Satellite-Based Monitoring of Looting and Damage to Archaeological Sites in Syria. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 2 (2), 128-151.
    Cunliffe, E. 2014. Archaeological Site Damage in the Cycle of War and Peace: A Syrian Case Study. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 3 (2), 229-247.
    Drazewska, B. 2015. The Human Dimension of the Protection of the Cultural Heritage from Destruction During Armed Conflicts. International Journal of Cultural Property 22 (2-3), 205-228.
    Guidetti, M. and Perini, S. 2015. Civil War and Cultural Heritage in Syria, 2011-2015. Syrian Studies Association Bulletin 20 (1).
    Hardy, S. A. 2015. Is Looting-to-Order “Just a Myth”? Open-Source Analysis of Theft-to-Order of Cultural Property. Cogent Social Sciences 1 (1). Open-access.
    Howard, R., Prohov, J. and Elliott, M. 2015. Digging in and Trafficking Out: How the Destruction of Cultural Heritage Funds Terrorism. CTC Sentinel, Combating Terrorism Center February 2015, 14-18.
    Lababidi, R. 2015. The International Protection of Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict: Efficient or Deficient. News in Conservation 46.
    Miznazi, D. 2015. Post-Conflict Reconstruction of Old Aleppo. News in Conservation. [Online].
    Moreland, A. 2015. In the Absence of Sovereignty, How Will Isis Be Held Accountable for Their Crimes? [Online]: University of Miami School of Law.
    Morris, I. 2015. The Struggle for Soft Power in the Middle East. Stratfor Global Intelligence (9 September 2015).
    Phillips, C. 2015. Sectarianism and Conflict in Syria. Third World Quarterly 36 (2), 357-376.
    Sahner, C. 2014. Among the Ruins: Syria Past and Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press

    And the report more generally (referenced in the prev. post) contains a series of damage assessment reports, etc

  7. Emma Cunliffe permalink
    November 26, 2015 9:15 AM

    Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies
    Vol. 1, No. 4 (2013): special forum with 6 papers on CH in conflict.

    I have more references, but I’ll have to dig them out later.

  8. November 27, 2015 2:33 AM

    Fascinating bibliography. Thanks!

  9. December 17, 2015 12:20 AM

    A very big thanks to everyone who has commented! I have updated the bibliography accordingly and will continue to do so as I find new entries.

  10. E. Corbett permalink
    August 26, 2017 7:59 AM

    Celik, Z. About Antiquities: Politics of Archaeology in the Ottoman Empire. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2016.

    Corbett, E..Competitive Archaeology in Jordan: Narrating Identity from the Ottomans to the Hashemites. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2015.

    Shaw, W..Possessors and Possessed: Museums, Archaeology, and the Visualization of History in the Late Ottoman Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.

  11. August 28, 2017 2:02 PM

    Not to toot own horn overmuch, but if you could add this one I’d be grateful:
    Rothfield, Lawrence. The Rape of Mesopotamia: Behind the Looting of the Iraq Museum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

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