Conflict Archaeology Bibliography
Here is a bibliography of academic works related to conflict archaeology, cultural heritage protection during armed conflict, and the use of archaeological and historical arguments in armed conflict. This bibliography will be regularly updated and suggested additions are encouraged.
Archaeologies 4, No. 3 (December 2008). [Special Issue: Imperial Inspections: Archaeology, War and Violence].
Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 1, No. 4 (2013) [Special Issue on Cultural Heritage in Conflict].
Lost Heritage: Antiquities Stolen from Iraq’s Regional Museums. Chicago: American Association for Research in Baghdad; London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 1992.
Near Eastern Archaeology 78, No. 3 (September 2015). [Special Issue: The Cultural Heritage Crisis in the Middle East].
Abdi, Kamyar. “From Pan-Arabism to Saddam Hussein’s Cult of Personality: Ancient Mesopotamia and Iraqi National Ideology.” Journal of Social Archaeology 8, No. 1 (February 2008): 3-36.
Abu El-Haj, Nadia. Facts on the Ground: Archaeological Practice and Territorial Self-Fashioning in Israeli Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Amineddoleh, Leila A. “Cultural Heritage Vandalism and Looting: The Role of Terrorist Organizations, Public Institutions and Private Collectors.” Santander Art and Culture Law Review 2/2015 (1): 27-62.
Bajorga, Sabri, ed. Destruction of Islamic Heritage in the Kosovo War, 1998-1999. Pristina, Kosovo: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2014.
Baram, Amatzia. Culture, History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba’thist Iraq, 1968-1989. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1991.
–. “Mesopotamian Identity in Ba’thi Iraq.” Middle Eastern Studies 19, No. 4 (October 1983): 426-455.
Bernbeck, Reinhard and Randall H. McGuire, eds. Ideologies in Archaeology. Tuscon, Arizona: University of Arizona Press, 2011.
Bernhardsson, Magnus T. Reclaiming a Plundered Past: Archaeology and Nation Building in Modern Iraq. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005.
Bogdanos, Matthew. Thieves of Baghdad. New York: Bloomsbury, 2005.
Boytner, Ran, Lynn Swartz Dodd, and Bradley J. Parker, eds. Controlling the Past, Owning the Future: The Political Uses of Archaeology in the Middle East. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 2010.
Brodie, N. 2015. “Syria and Its Regional Neighbors: A Case of Cultural Property Protection Policy Failure?” International Journal of Cultural Property 22 (2-3): 317-335.
Casana, J., and M. Panahipour. “Satellite-Based Monitoring of Looting and Damage to Archaeological Sites in Syria.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 2, No. 2 (2014): 128-151.
Chamberlain, K. War and Cultural Heritage: an analysis of the 1954 Convention for the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict and its two protocols. Leicester: Institute of Art and Law, 2004.
Cunliffe, Emma. “Archaeological Site Damage in the Cycle of War and Peace: A Syrian Case Study.” Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 3, No. 2 (2014): 229-247.
Cunliffe, Emma, Lostal, M., and Muhesin, N. “The Destruction of Cultural Property in the Syrian Conflict: Legal Implications and Obligations.” International Journal of Cultural Property. (upcoming 2016)
Curtis, Jon C. “Relations Between Archaeologists and the Military in the Case of Iraq.” Papers from the Institute of Archaeology 19 (2009): 2-8.
Danti, Michael. “Near Eastern Archaeology and the Arab Spring: Avoiding the Ostrich Effect.” Antiquity 88, No. 340 (June 2014): 639-643.
Davis, Eric. Memories of State: Politics, History and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
Deblauwe, Francis, ed. “The Iraq War & Archaeology: A Documentation and Information Project.” 2003-2008 (http://iwa.univie.ac.at/).
De Cesari, Chiara. “Postcolonial Ruins: Archaeologies of Political Violence and IS.” Anthropology Today 31, No. 6 (December 2015): 22-26.
Dodd, Lynn S. “Heritage Formulation in Overly Politicized Environments: A Commentary.” Archaeologies 3, No. 1 (April 2007): 4-15.
Drazewska, B. “The Human Dimension of the Protection of the Cultural Heritage from Destruction During Armed Conflicts.” International Journal of Cultural Property 22, No. 2-3 (2015): 205-228.
Gillot, Laurence. “Towards a Socio-Political History of Archaeology in the Middle East: The Development of Archaeological Practice and Its Impacts on Local Communities in Syria.” Bulletin of the History of Archaeology 20, No. 1 (May 2010): 4-16.
González-Ruibal, Alfredo, ed. Ethics and the Archaeology of Violence. New York: Springer, 2015.
Goode, James F. Negotiating for the Past: Archaeology, Nationalism, and Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1919-1941. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2007.
Guidetti, M. and Perini, S. “Civil War and Cultural Heritage in Syria, 2011-2015.” Syrian Studies Association Bulletin 20, No. 1 (2015).
Hardy, Samuel Andrew. Interrogating Archaeological Ethics in Conflict Zones: Cultural Heritage Work in Cyprus. D.Phil diss. University of Sussex, 2010.
–. “Destruction, Theft and Rescue of Archaeological Artefacts in Cyprus, 1963-1974: From the Intercommunal Conflict until the Foreign Invasions.” In Nys, K and Jacobs, A, (Eds.). Cypriot material culture studies: From picrolite carving to proskynetaria. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Postgraduate Cypriot Archaeology Conference held in memory of Paul Åström, at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium) from 27th to 29th November 2008. Göteborg: Paul Åströms Förlag, 2012.
–. “Using Open-Source Data to Identify Participation in the Illicit Antiquities Trade: A Case Study on the Cypriot Civil War.” European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 20, No. 4 (December 2014): 459-474.
Hassan, Fekri, Aloisia de Trafford and Mohsen Youssef, eds. Cultural Heritage and Development in the Arab World. Alexandria, Egypt: Bibliotheca Alexandrina, 2008.
Howard, R., Prohov, J. and Elliott, M. Digging in and Trafficking Out: How the Destruction of Cultural Heritage Funds Terrorism. CTC Sentinel, Combating Terrorism Center (February 2015): 14-18.
Isakhan, B. “Heritage Destruction and Spikes in Violence: the Case of Iraq.” 219-248 in Kila, J. D. and Zeidler, J. A. (eds.). Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property During Conflict. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2014.
Kila, Joris D. and James A. Zeidler, eds. Cultural Heritage in the Crosshairs: Protecting Cultural Property during Conflict. Leiden: Brill, 2013.
Kila, Joris, ed. Heritage under Siege : Military Implementation of Cultural Property Protection Following the 1954 Hague Convention. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2012.
Knuth, Rebecca. Burning Books and Leveling Libraries: Extremist Violence and Cultural Destruction. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 2006.
Kohl, Philip L., Mara Kozelsky and Nachman Ben-Yehuda, eds. Selective Remembrances: Archaeology in the Construction, Commemoration and Consecration of National Pasts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Kohl, Philip L. and Clare Fawcett, eds. Nationalism, Politics and the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Luke, Christina Marie and Morag M. Kersel. U.S. Cultural Diplomacy and Archaeology: Soft Power, Hard Heritage. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Logan, William, Máiréad Nic Craith and Ullrich Kockel, eds. A Companion to Heritage Studies. Malden, Massachusetts: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015.
Lostal, Marina. “Syria’s world cultural heritage and individual criminal responsibility.” International Review of Law 3 (2015): TBC.
Lostal, Marina and Emma Cunliffe. “Cultural Heritage that Heals: Factoring in Cultural Heritage Discourses in the Syrian Peacebuilding Process.” The Historic Environment: Policy & Practice, forthcoming (2016).
Luttwak, Edward and Zainab Bahrani. Cultural Heritage in War: Moral and Military Choices. New York: Columbia University Department of Art History and Archaeology, 2004.
Meskell, Lynn, ed., Archaeology Under Fire: Nationalism, Politics and Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. London: Routledge, 2008.
Moreland, A. “In the Absence of Sovereignty, How Will Isis Be Held Accountable for Their Crimes?” (2015) [Online]: University of Miami School of Law.
Morris, I. “The Struggle for Soft Power in the Middle East.” Stratfor Global Intelligence (9 September 2015).
NATO JALLC, Viera, F., Spangenberg, T., Ross, D. and Jones, D. Cultural Property Protection in the Operations Planning Process. Portugal: NATO, 2012. Available: http://www.jallc.nato.int/newsmedia/docs/factsheet_cpp.pdf [Accessed 20 Deccember 2012].
O’Keefe, R. The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Perini, Silvia and Emma Cunliffe, eds. Towards a Protection of the Syrian Cultural Heritage: A Summary of The National and International Responses. 3 vols. Girona, Spain: Heritage for Peace, 2014-2015.
Petrovic, Jadranka. The Old Bridge of Mostar and Increasing Respect for Cultural Property in Armed Conflict. Leiden, Netherlands: M. Nijhoff Publishers, 2013.
Rose-Greenland, Fiona. “ISIS at the Mosul Museum: Material Destruction and Our Moral Economies of the Past.” Perspectives 37, No. 1 (Spring 2015): 18-21.
Rothfield, Lawrence, ed. Antiquities Under Siege: Cultural Heritage Protection After the Iraq War. Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2008.
Rush, L. W., ed. Archaeology, Cultural Property, and the Military. Rochester, New York: Boydell Press, 2010.
Sahner, Christian. Among the Ruins: Syria Past and Present. Oxford University Press, 2014.
Silberman, Neil Asher. Between Past and Present: Archaeology, Ideology and Nationalism in the Modern Middle East. New York: Holt, 1989.
Sørensen, Marie Louise and Dacia Viejo-Rose, eds. War and Cultural Heritage: Biographies of Place. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Stanley-Price, Nicholas, ed. Cultural Heritage in Postwar Recovery: Papers from the ICCROM Forum held on October 4-6, 2005. Rome: International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, 2007.
Stone, Peter G., ed. Cultural Heritage, Ethics and the Military. Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2011.
–. “A Four-Tier Approach to the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.” Antiquity 87 (2013): 166-177.
Stone, Peter G. and Joanne Farchakh Bajjaly, eds. The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Iraq. Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2008.
Toman, J. The protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict: commentary on the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its protocol, signed on 14 May, 1954 in the Hague, and on other instruments of international law concerning such protection. Brookfield, Vermont: Dartmouth Publishing Company, 1996.
Viejo-Rose, Dacia. Reconstructing Spain: Cultural Heritage and Memory after Civil War. Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2011.
–. “Reconstructing Heritage in the Aftermath of Civil War: Re-Visioning the Nation and the Implications of International Involvement.” Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding: Special Issue on Cultural Interventions 7, No. 2 (2013): 125-148.
Walasek, Helen, ed. Bosnia and the Destruction of Cultural Heritage. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2015.
Werr, Lamia al-Gaylani. “Archaeology and Politics in Iraq.” 15-30 in Critical Approaches to Ancient Near Eastern Art. ed. by Brian A. Brown and Marian Feldman. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2014.
Williams, Tim. “Syria: A Loss of Faith.” Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 15, No. 3-4 (2013): 231-235.